文章摘要
张红伟,王晓燕,李振国,黄霞,杨元,蒋芦荻,代雪平.山药饮片中外源性有害物质残留情况分析[J].中国药事,2019,33(7):746-753
山药饮片中外源性有害物质残留情况分析
Analysis of Exogenous Harmful Residues in Dioscoreae Rhizoma Decoction Pieces
投稿时间:2019-04-07  
DOI:10.16153/j.1002-7777.2019.07.005
中文关键词: 山药饮片  二氧化硫  脱硫剂  重金属  农药残留
英文关键词: Dioscoreae Rhizoma decoction pieces  sulfur dioxide  desulfurizer  heavy metal  pesticide residue
基金项目:
作者单位
张红伟 河南省食品药品检验所, 郑州 450018 
王晓燕 河南省食品药品检验所, 郑州 450018 
李振国 河南省食品药品检验所, 郑州 450018 
黄霞 河南省食品药品检验所, 郑州 450018 
杨元 河南省食品药品检验所, 郑州 450018 
蒋芦荻 河南省食品药品检验所, 郑州 450018 
代雪平 河南省食品药品检验所, 郑州 450018 
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中文摘要:
      目的:了解山药饮片中外源性有害物质的残留状况。方法:依据《中华人民共和国药典》和探索性研究方法对不同来源的山药饮片中的二氧化硫残留量、脱硫剂、重金属及有害元素、农药残留进行分析和评价。结果:168批样品中检出11批二氧化硫残留量超标,检出1批使用了脱硫剂;37批样品中检出2批汞元素超标;38批样品中检出5批含有国家禁用和限用农药残留(涕灭威砜、3-羟基克百威、甲拌磷砜、氟虫腈、杀虫脒),检出15批含有植物生长调节剂残留。结论:山药饮片中外源性有害物质以二氧化硫和农药残留为主,需要进一步加强生产监管,建议完善现行质量标准对农药残留进行限量控制。
英文摘要:
      Objective:To study the exogenous harmful residues in Dioscoreae Rhizoma decoction pieces. Methods:The residual sulfur dioxide, desulfurizer, heavy metals, harmful elements and pesticide residues in Dioscoreae Rhizoma decoction pieces from different sources were analyzed and evaluated according to the Chinese Pharmacopoeia and exploratory research methods. Results:Sulphur dioxide residues exceeding the standard were detected in 11 among 168 batches of samples and desulfurizer was detected in 1 batch of sample. Mercury exceeding the standard was detected in 2 out of 37 batches of samples. Nationally banned and restricted pesticide residues (aldicarb sulfone, 3-hydroxy carbofuran, phorate, fipronil, chlordimeform) were detected in 5 out of 38 batches of samples. Plant growth regulator residues were detected in 15 batches of samples. Conclusion:Exogenous harmful substances in Dioscoreae Rhizoma decoction pieces are mainly sulphur dioxide and pesticide residues. It is necessary to further strengthen production supervision. It is suggested that the current quality standard should be improved to control pesticide residues.
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