文章摘要
红霞,王栋,高寒,崔黎,余坤子.苘麻子及常见近似品的鉴别[J].中国药事,2021,35(11):1232-1238
苘麻子及常见近似品的鉴别
An Identification Study of Abutili Semen and Its Analog Species
  
DOI:10.16153/j.1002-7777.2021.11.005
中文关键词: 苘麻子  近似品  显微鉴别  性状鉴别
英文关键词: Abutili Semen  analog species  trait identification  microscopic identification
基金项目:
作者单位
红霞 内蒙古自治区药品检验研究院,内蒙古自治区中蒙药标准研究重点实验室,呼和浩特 010010 
王栋 内蒙古自治区药品检验研究院,内蒙古自治区中蒙药标准研究重点实验室,呼和浩特 010010 
高寒 内蒙古自治区药品检验研究院,内蒙古自治区中蒙药标准研究重点实验室,呼和浩特 010010 
崔黎 内蒙古自治区药品检验研究院,内蒙古自治区中蒙药标准研究重点实验室,呼和浩特 010010 
余坤子 中国食品药品检定研究院,北京 100050 
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中文摘要:
      目的: 对苘麻子及近似品野葵子、冬葵子、蜀葵子、锦葵子和黄葵子进行鉴别,为苘麻子及近似品的鉴别提供实验依据。方法:运用性状鉴别和显微鉴别法,分析苘麻子及近似品的特征差异。结果:苘麻子及近似品在性状、显微上均有区别,可以将形状、大小、毛被情况及表面特征作为苘麻子的性状鉴别指标;毛茸的有无、下皮层有无分化、色素层细胞宽度以及子叶有无草酸钙簇晶作为苘麻子的显微鉴别指标。结论:以上结果可作为苘麻子及近似品野葵子、冬葵子、蜀葵子、锦葵子和黄葵子的主要鉴别依据。
英文摘要:
      Objective: To identify Abutili Semen and its analog species, including Malva verticillata L., Malva crispa L., Althaea rosea (Linn.) Cavan., Malva sinensis Cavan., and Abelmoschus manihot (L.) Medic., so as to provide experimental evidence for their identification. Methods: The different characteristics of Abutili Semen and its analog species were analyzed by trait identification method and microscopic identification method. Results: Differences were observed in the characters and microscopic identification. Shape, size, coat condition, and surface characteristics could be taken as the identification indicators for the traits of Abutili Semen. The presence or absence of villus, the differentiation of the hypodermis, the width of pigment layer cells, and the presence or absence of calcium oxalate in cotyledons could be used as the microscopic indicators for Abutili Semen. Conclusion: The above results could be seen as the main identification basis for Abutili Semen and its analog species, including Malva verticillata L., Malva crispa L., Althaea rosea (Linn.) Cavan., Malva sinensis Cavan., and Abelmoschus manihot (L.) Medic.
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