文章摘要
沙拉麦提·艾力,闫顺华,王亚丽,郑健.药用植物芸香与对叶大戟比较鉴别研究[J].中国药事,2020,34(5):602-607
药用植物芸香与对叶大戟比较鉴别研究
A Comparative Identification Study on Medicinal Plants of Ruta Graveolens L. and Euphorbia Sororia Schrenk
投稿时间:2019-07-29  
DOI:10.16153/j.1002-7777.2020.05.017
中文关键词: 芸香  对叶大戟  性状  显微  薄层色谱
英文关键词: Ruta graveolens L.  Euphorbia sororia Schrenk  traits  microscopic  thin-layer chromatography
基金项目:
作者单位
沙拉麦提·艾力 新疆维吾尔自治区药品检验研究院, 乌鲁木齐 830054 
闫顺华 新疆维吾尔自治区药品检验研究院, 乌鲁木齐 830054 
王亚丽 新疆维吾尔自治区药品检验研究院, 乌鲁木齐 830054 
郑健 中国食品药品检定研究院, 北京 100050 
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中文摘要:
      目的: 用传统的鉴别方法对芸香及其替代品对叶大戟进行比较分析,为芸香的初步鉴定提供参考依据。方法: 采用性状比较、显微观察和TLC等方法进行鉴定。TLC选用甲苯-乙酸乙酯-水(10:4:3)为展开剂,以5%氯化铝乙醇溶液为显色剂,置紫外光灯(365 nm)下检视。结果: 芸香与对叶大戟的外观性状在茎、叶、果等部位均有差异,显微特征明显,TLC色谱斑点清晰。结论: 本方法直观、简便,可为芸香药材的后续研究提供参考和支撑。
英文摘要:
      Objective: To compare and analyze Ruta graveolens L. and its substitute-Euphorbia sororia Schrenk by using traditional identification methods and to provide references for the preliminary identification of Ruta graveolens L. Methods: The methods of character comparison, microscopic observation and TLC were used in the identification. In TLC, toluene-ethyl acetate-water (10:4:3) was used as the developing agent, 5% aluminum chloride ethanol solution was used as the coloring agent and the samples were inspected under the ultraviolet light (365 nm). Results: The appearance traits of Ruta graveolens L and Euphorbia sororia Schrenk were different in stems, leaves and fruits, with obvious microscopic features and clear spots on TLC. Conclusion: This method is intuitive and simple and will provide references and support for the subsequent research of Ruta graveolens L.
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